Sustainable Development Goals for Globle Development
From 2000 to 2015, the international development agenda was centered on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which encompasses eight globally agreed goals in the areas of poverty alleviation, education, gender equality and empowerment of women, child and maternal health, environmental sustainability, reducing HIV/AIDS and communicable diseases, and building a global partnership for development.
After completing the largest consultation in its history of UN, more than 150 world leaders are attending the UN Sustainable Development Summit at UN headquarters in New York from 25th to 27th September, 2015 to replace MGDs by formally adopting an ambitious new sustainable development agenda comprising 17 goals to achieve 3 extraordinary things for all the humanity during next 15 years. These include end extreme poverty, fight inequality & injustice and fix climate change. This momentous agenda will serve as the launch pad for action by the international community and by national governments to promote shared prosperity and well-being for the humanity over the next 15 years.
Now that when the targeted year for MGDs was about to complete it was need of the hour to recognize the success of the MGDs – and the fact that a new development agenda was needed beyond 2015 – countries agreed in 2012 at Rio+20, the UN Conference on Sustainable Development, to establish an open working group to develop a set of sustainable development goals. After more than a year of negotiations, the Open Working Group presented its recommendation for the 17 sustainable development goals. In early August 2015, the 193 member states of the United Nations reached consensus on the outcome document of the new agenda “Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. Therefore, historic new Sustainable Development Agenda unanimously adopted by 193 UN Member Countries today on 25th September, 2015 in UN headquarters in New York.
There are 17 sustainable development goals with 169 targets in contrast to the 8 Millennium Development Goals with 21 targets. The complex challenges that exist in the world today demand that a wide range of issues is covered. It is, also, critical to address the root causes of the problems and not only of the symptoms.
The sustainable development goals are the result of a negotiation process that involved the 193 UN member states and also unprecedented participation of civil society and other stakeholders. This led to the representation of a wide range of interests and perspectives. On the other hand, the MDGs were produced by a group of experts behind closed doors.
The MDGs focused primarily on the social agenda particularly the poorest in developing countries, while the sustainable development goals will apply to the entire world, the rich and the poor.
The new global goals are more ambitious, and are meant to apply to every country, not just the developing world. Stated in broad terms, the goals are accompanied by 169 specific targets meant to advance the goals in concrete ways. Most are meant to be achieved by 2030, though some have shorter deadlines.
Pope Francis gave his backing to the new development agenda in an address to the UN General Assembly before the summit to adopt the 17-point plan opened, calling it “an important sign of hope” at a very troubled time in the Middle East and Africa. When General Assembly President Mogens Lykketoft struck his gavel to approve the development road map, leaders and diplomats from the 193 UN member states stood and applauded loudly.